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English Reading Comprehension Set 108

Directions (Q. 1-10): Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow based on the information given in the passage.
Caste in India is an enduring reality, a festering problem that refuses to go away. Many people, especially those opposed to job reservations, seem to argue otherwise, but caste cannot be wished away, even in modern, educated, middle class and affluent sections of the society. An NCAER survey had revealed that a quarter of Indian population still practises untouchability at home. Against this backdrop, Parliament is justified in passing the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Bill to strengthen mechanisms against caste oppression.  The offences listed in the Bill speak volumes about caste-based vulnerabilities and include victimising SC or ST persons in matters relating to voting, wrongfully occupying their lands, and assault and sexual exploitation of women. Dedicating SC and ST women to temples as Devadasis appears to be still prevalent, even years after social reform movements.
Some new offences listed in the Bill appear to have been the result of recurring media reportage about denying SC and ST persons entry into temples, and even education and health institutions, and forcing them to carry human or animal carcasses. In many villages, SC and ST people are still not allowed to access common property resources. Affirmative action — namely, job reservations and a clutch of welfare schemes for SC and ST persons — have been effective, but only in a limited way. Economic upliftment will not automatically lead to the end of untouchability and caste discrimination and violence. Similarly, though laws to prevent atrocities are necessary, they will prove effective only when victims are empowered to pursue legal action.Beyond State intervention, there is an urgent need for mobilisation of Dalits with the objective of empowerment and collective assertion of rights — starting with temple entry, unrestricted access to public spaces and resistance to feudalism, violence and sexual assault. Similarly, besides social reformers, progressive religious leaders should strive towards creating an atmosphere conducive to social inclusion. Social movements and civil  society campaigns for social inclusion on the one hand, and economic development on the other, should go hand in hand with legal and State protection.

1.Which of the following statements is/are TRUE according to the passage?
I.SCs and STs are denied to enter in temples
II.MOdern and educated persons are against job resrvation.
III.Indian population practises untouchability at public places only.
a.II & III
b.III only
c.II & I
d.I only
e.All the above

2.What can be the suitable title of above passage?
a.Social Reforms are needed
b.Law Alone won't Empower SCs and STs
c.Economic upliftment for Dalits
d.Untouchability:A major concern
e.other than above

3.What can be the conclusion of the passage?
a.Economic upliftment will be helpful to empower SCs and STs.
b.Dalits should be included in social reforms for country.
c.Social inclusion and economic development both are needed for the upliftment of SC and ST persons.
d.Both B and C
e.None of these

4.Which of the following statements is/are NOT TRUE according to the passage?
I.SC and ST persons are allowed to enter in health  institutions.
II.Laws will be effective only when victims are empowered to take actions.
III.Educated persons are opposed to Untouchability.
a.II & III
b.III only
c.I & III 
d.All the above
e.None of these

Directions (5-7): Choose the word which is most similar in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage

5.Affirmative 
a.severe
b.related
c.assenting
d.firm
e.reformed

6.Atrocities
a.harsh
b.vulnerable
c.strive
d.pleasantry
e.enormity

7.Festering 
a.complex
b.growing
c.heal
d.erupt
e.eternal

Directions (8-9): Choose the word which is most oppsite in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage

8.Enduring
a.decaying
b.abiding
c.permanent
d.omnipresent
e.repeated

9.Clutch
a.connection
b.misconception
c.ensure
d.coupling
e.giving

10.What steps have been taken to end the untouchability in Indian society?
I.Amendment bills have been passed
II.social reform movements have been initiated
III.Religious leaders are creating conducive environment
a.III only
b.I only
c.II only
d.I & II only
e.None of these

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