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English Reading Comprehension Set 40

Directions (Q.1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them.
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Having come to power on the strength of mega-promises centred on the prospect of achhe din for all, Prime Minister Narendra Modi cannot but feel the weight of popular expectations on his government after an uneventful first year. The vast majority of those who backed him, those who gave the BJP he led a clear mandate in the 2014 Lok Sabha election, bought his words of hope in toto, and believed he could bring in much-needed change and put the country back on a trajectory of growth and development. On the first anniversary, some of the promises remain as proposals and many others appear too remote with little or no chance of coming to fruition in the next four years. Given the state of India’s slow-moving bureaucracy the expectations were perhaps unrealistic to begin with, but Mr. Modi had fed them with election-timerhetoric. From ensuring efficient delivery of basic services and quickening clearance for infrastructure and industrial projects to ending corruption and bringing back black money kept in foreign banks, his was a long and exhaustive list of promises. As the previous Congress-led government ended its term entwined in scams and scandals, Mr. Modi marketed himself as everything his predecessor Manmohan Singh was not, and sought to represent the varied aspirations of whole classes of people. He wanted to offer much more than a concrete programme of action; he wanted to present a vision of the future, a vision of India taking its place as an economic superpower in the first world. Of course, it was not as if nothing got done during the year, but the achievements pale in relation to the expectations. Inevitably, the comparison being made is not between the last year of the Manmohan Singh government and the first year of the Modi government, but between Mr. Modi’s words and his deeds, between the promise of achhe din and the harsh, unchanging realities on the ground. To the government’s credit, inflation is down. Falling international oil prices might have had a role as also the resoluteness of the Reserve Bank of India in not lowering interest rates, but the government kept a close watch on food prices. The push toward financial inclusion through the Jan Dhan Yojana seems to have yielded quick results with crores of poor people induced to open a bank account for the first time in their lives. This is quite unlike the proposal for smart cities and the Make in India project that have had nosubstantial results to show for all their potential, and haven’t so far made any tangible change in the lives of ordinary people. Not surprisingly, the government appears to be aware of this shortcoming and is preparing to announce a large-scale social sector scheme. In contrast to the lack of forward movement in social welfare programmes in the last one year, the government looked as if it were in a hurry to accommodate big business by seeking to dilute the safeguards in the land acquisition legislation and extending tax benefits to the rich. While it was not enthusiastic about the previous government’s rural employment guarantee and food security schemes, it took up in all earnest the controversy-ridden Aadhaar scheme, seen as a first step towards targeted social benefits and capped subsidies. Instead of laying claim to a pro-growth label, the government found itself trying to fend off an anti-poor tag. All told and added up on the political ledger, the debit column has certainly ended up being longer than the credit column.
-Source, The Hindu, Delhi Edition, 26th May

Q.1.Choose an appropriate title for the passage.
1) it’s All About: Kursi
2) Fraud Schemes
3) Not Up to Expectations
4) Promises not kept
5) The First Year, The Best Year

Q.2.Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A) The smart city project and Make in India Project has not yielded any effect on the lives of ordinary people so far.
B) For the last one year, Govt. extended the tax benefits to the poorer and specially guarantying the job in the land acquisition bill.
C) Instead of laying claim to a pro-growth label, the government found itself trying to fend off an anti-poor tag.
1) Only A and B
2) Only B and C
3) Only C and A
4) Only A, B and C
5) Only A

Q.3.Which of the following is the reason for such comparison of Modi Govt. work?
1) Because recently the Govt. completed its first year and the work done in this period is less compared to what said during elections.
2) Because CAG has published a report that said that Govt. is not working efficiently.
3) Because as compared to congress led Govt. the BJP led Govt. is doing much better.
4) Because BJP led Govt. has done much than what was promised.
5) All of the Above

Q.4.Which of the following is not true according to the passage?
A) The push toward financial inclusion through the Jan Dhan Yojana seems to have yielded quick results
B) Mr. Modi marketed himself as everything his predecessor Manmohan Singh was.
C) The government appears to be aware of this shortcoming and is preparing to announce a large-scale social sector scheme
1) Only A and B
2) Only B and C
3) Only C and A
4) Only A, B and C
5) None of these

Q.5.What does the author mean by the phrase, “but the achievements pale in relation to the expectations”?
1) The achievements were much more than the promises made.
2) The achievements outshined the image of the previous Govt.
3) The ground reality of achievements are totally different than what was promised.
4) The achievements were negligible as compared to promises made during election.
5) None of the above

Q.6.Which of the following is not the synonym of the word “entwined”?
1) Deviant
2) Unravel
3) Hide
4) Relive
5) Improve

Q.7.Which of the following is not the synonym of the word “uneventful”?
1) Irregular
2) Dislike
3) Exciting
4) Relieve
5) Strenuous

Q.8.Which of the following is the synonym of the word “remote”?
1) Control
2) Guile
3) Denial
4) Satisfy
5) Distant

Q.9.Which of the following is the synonym of the word “substantial”?
1) Formal
2) Shine
3) Significant
4) Develop
5) Catalyst

Q.10.Which of the following is the synonym of the word “rhetoric”?
1) Stimulate
2) Deception
3) Convince
4) Eloquence
5) Conclude


Answers : 
1. (3)
2. (3)
3. (1)
4. (5)
5. (4)
6. (2)
7. (3)
8. (5)
9. (3)
10. (4)

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