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English Reading Comprehension Set 55

Directions : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
The word Lokpal has been derived from the Sanskrit words “Lok” meaning People and “pala” meaning caretaker. Therefore, the word Lokpal means “caretaker of people”. The Jan Lokpal Bill, also referred to as the citizens’ ombudsman bill, is intended as a more effective improvement to the original Lokpal Bill that is currently being proposed by the government. The prefix ‘Jan’ (citizens) has been added to highlight the fact that these improvements include inputs from ordinary citizens through an activist-driven, non-governmental public consultation. The arguments given in favour of the Jan Lokpal Bill is that if made into a law, it will create an independent ombudsman body outside government control that will have the power to register and investigate complaints against politicians and public servants without the need to get a prior approval from the government. The proponents of Jan Lokpal Bill believe that it will effectively redress citizen’s grievances, protect whistleblowers and more importantly, deter corruption. The Lokpal is a proposed body to be enacted as a law by Parliament, which will be headed by a chairperson who is or was a Chief Justice of India and eight other members. 

The Lokpal Bill provides for filing complaints of corruption against the prime minister, other ministers, and MPs with the ombudsman. The Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) while recommending the constitution of Lokpal was convinced that such an institution was justified not only for removing the sense of injustice from the minds of adversely affected citizens but also necessary to instill public confidence in the efficiency of the administrative machinery. Following this, the Lokpal Bill was for the first time presented during the fourth Lok Sabha in 1968, and was passed there in 1969.However, while it was pending in the Rajya Sabha, the Lok Sabha was dissolved, and so the bill was not passed at that time. The bill was revived in 1971, 1977, 1985, 1989, 1996, 1998, 2001, 2005, and most recently in 2008. Each time, after the bill was introduced to the house, it was referred to some committee for improvements a joint committee of parliament, or a departmental standing committee of the Home Ministry and before the government could take a final stand on the issue, the house was dissolved. Several flaws have been cited in the recent draft of the Lokpal Bill. Meanwhile the activists of India Against Corruption (IAC) have prepared a draft for the bill called Jan Lokpal Bill.The Lok Ayuktas in the states does not come under the purview of this bill as the Centre cannot intervene in the powers of the state. The Lokpal will have its own prosecution and investigation wing with officers and staff necessary to carry out its functions. All of us are aware of the fact that the country, which we love so much has been in the clutches and the diabolical jaws of the virus, called corruption. Corruption in India is the main cause of its every failure. Every developmental project and the defence requirements are being overshadowed by the corrupt officials. Even the very magistrates who are believed to be the axis of the law are corrupted to such an extent that millions of cases are pending for the last few days.

1. What is the main purpose to introduce Lokpal Bill in India?
1) It will resolve public's grievances.
2) One can file complaints of corruption against the Prime minister.
3) Impartial investigation on complaints of corruption will take place against politicians, public servants and higher authorities of India without prior approval from the government.
4) Chief Justice of India will be the chairperson of Jan Lokpal bill.
5) Other than given option.

2. Who will not come under the investigation of Janlokpal bill?
1) Lokayuktas of the states.
2) President of India
3) All public sector banks
4) All Government administrative officers.
5) Other than given option.

3. Which of the following is a suitable title for the given passage?
1) Jan Lokpal Bill
2) Importance of Social activists
3) Corruption
4) Anti-corruption committee
5) Purview of Jan Lokpal Bill.

4. Which of the following year the Jan Lokpal bill was not passed but revived in Rajya Sabha?
1) 1968 
2) 1969 
3) 1985 
4) 2007
5) Other than given option.

5. Which of the following is true in the context of the given passage?
1) Corruption is the main cause of introducing Jan Lokpal Bill in India.
2) Every magistrate is corrupt up to a great extent.
3) The prefix 'Jan' indicates only non-government public.
4) It will also investigate on international complaints of corruption.
5) Other than given option.

Direction: Choose the word which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

1) Force in 
2) Inoculate 
3) Inspire 
4) Implant 
5) transfuse

1) Grasp 
2) Sense 
3) Impression 
4) Light 
5) Apprehension

Direction: Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as given below-

1) Release 
2) Control 
3) Devilish 
4) Recognition 
5) Incurvate

1) Grip 
2) Gentle 
3) Good 
4) Cruel 
5) Vicious

1) Warm 
2) Forward 
3) Urge 
4) Allow 
5) Persuade

1. 3
2. 1
3. 1
4. 3
5. 1
6. 4
7. 5
8. 1

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