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English Reading Comprehension Set 88

Directions (Q. 1-10) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
The concept of a mass rapid transit for New Delhi first emerged from a traffic and travel characteristics study which was carried out in the city in 1969. Over the next several years, many official committees by a variety of government departments were commissioned to examine issues related to technology, route alignment, and governmental jurisdiction. In 1984, the Delhi Development Authority and the Urban Arts Commission came up with a proposal for developing a multi-modal transport system, which would consist of constructing three underground mass rapid transit corridors as well augmenting the city’s existing suburban railway and road transport networks. India has developed Rapid Transit systems to make travel easier for commuters across cities. Delhi is one of them. Since Delhi has been experiencing phenomenal growth in population in the last few decades. So, the number of vehicles has been increased to 40 lakhs, these are more than that of Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai put together. Today traffic on the roads of Delhi is a mix-up of cycles, scooters, buses, cars and rickshaws, resulting fuel wastage, environmental pollution and increasing number of road accidents. 


To rectify the situation the government of India and the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi, in equal partnership have set up a company in 1995 named Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd. (DMRC).This necessitates a policy shift to discourage private modes. So, introduction of a rail based (MRTS) Mass Rapid Transport System is called for. MRTS will result in time saving for commuters, reliable and safer journey, reduction in atmospheric pollution, reduction in accident rates, reduced fuel consumption, reduced vehicle operating costs and increase in the average speed of road vehicles. Delhi Metro is one of the few metro systems in the world having an operational profit from the first day. In 2007, the Delhi Metro claimed to be one of only five metro systems in the world that operated at a profit without government subsidies. This was enabled by keeping maintenance costs to a minimum and harnessing additional revenue from advertisements and property development, apart from ticket sales. The Metro also generates revenue by leasing out its trains and stations for film shoots. Due to its increasing association with Delhi as an image of the city’s everyday life, it has been a popular filming location for production houses, and several films and advertisements have been shot on board. Producers have to pay a minimum of `1 lakh (equivalent to 1.5 lakh or US$2,500 in 2014) for every hour of filming, excluding taxes, security deposit and insurance. Thus the Delhi Metro has not only reduced our travel time and made commuting hassle-free but has also helped in bringing down the pollution level in the Capital.
1. Which of the following is not a source of income of Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd?
1) Advertisements
2) Ticket Sales
3) Property Development
4) Either 1 or 2
5) None of these

2. Which statement is true regarding revenue of Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd?
1) Delhi Metro is profit making from the time of its inauguration.
2) Delhi Metro is providing subsidies on tickets.
3) Per day income of Delhi Metro crosses Rs 1 crore.
4) Delhi Metro earns its maximum revenue by leasing out its trains and platform
5) None of these

3. Which is not an advantage of Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Ltd (DMRC) in India?
1) People can reach places faster.
2) Metro trains are available after every two and a half minutes.
3) It reduces air pollution.
4) It breaks the barrier of time and cost
5) None of these

4. Which of the following is true in the context of given passage?
1) Delhi Metro is India's only modern public transportation system.
2) Physical construction work on the Delhi Metro started in 1995.
3) The Delhi Metro is being built in only two phases.
4) Automated station announcements are recorded in all regional Languages.
5) None of these

5. Which of the following is/are false in the context of given passage?
1) Delhi Metro is a new option for commuters in Delhi.
2) DMRC is a state-owned company with equal equity participation from Govt of India and Govt of NCT.
3) Planning for the metro started in 1984.
4) All of the above.
5) None of these.

Direction (Q. 6 -7) : Choose the word which is most SIMILAR in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
6. Augment
1) Improve
2) Halt
3) Raze
4) Swell
5) Intensify

7. Commuter
1) Suburbanite
2) Occupant
3) Patron
4) Injure
5) Fitted

Direction (Q. 8-10) : Choose the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

8. Rectify
1) Corrupt
2) Analyse
3) Worsen
4) Upset
5) Ruin

9. Leasing
1) Loan
2) Handy
3) Remote
4) Occupy
5) Rent

10. Hassle-free
1) Charter
2) Sublet
3) Graceful
4) Inconvenient
5) Fairer

Answers:
1. 5
2. 1
3. 5
4. 5
5. 2
6. 1
7. 1
8. 3
9. 5

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