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English Reading Comprehension Set 94

Directions (Q. 1 -10) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Civil Services offer an attractive and challenging career to the ambitious, the aspiring and the talented. Indian civil services pave the way for becoming an IAS, IPS or IFS officer. The Indian civil services is considered as one of the premier services which paves the way for becoming an IAS, IPS or IFS officer. Civil Services offer an attractive and challenging career to the ambitious, the aspiring and the talented. The wide variety of jobs within the fold of the Civil Services have relatively greater sphere of authority and power than any other services in India. 


The services encompass all one can aspire for: prestige, job security, salary package, opportunity of foreign tour, job satisfaction, etc. Civil servants in one way decide the fate of the nation as the implementation of all developmental and other government policy rest with them. If we talk of prestige and respect this is the most prestigious and respectful job of India as it is a job which provides an opportunity to satisfy personal ambition as well as indulge in social welfare. The selection as civil servants is rigorous and only a handful is selected out of hundreds and thousands of aspirants every year. There is diversity of work- a wide variety of work is associated with civil services, like maintenance of law and order, developmental work, disaster management, representing India on international forum, administration, upliftment and empowerment of marginalized sections of society etc. There is a deep sense of job security as a civil servant cannot be fired easily. Once selected, a civil servant works till the age of 60 and is possible for him to get an extension. As far as salary package is concerned, the 6th pay commission has brought the salaries of the Civil Servants at par with those in the corporate sector.

The facilities and amenities provided to an officer are excellent. A remarkable thing about civil services is that it provides opportunity to contribute effectively in the decision making process of country. The talented ones also get to represent the nation at world forums. A person who wants to participate closely in the process of building society and wants to bring about positive social change should definitely try to crack the IAS examination. The aspirants of Civil Services favor the top three services namely- IAS, IPS and IFS as these services hold within their fold the vast scope to use bestowed power to bring about societal development. Also, these services are much sought after as they are symbols of great power, social recognition and affluence.
1. Which of the following can be said about the Civil Services?
1) The Indian Civil Services serve as the backbone of India and carries great respect and responsibilities.
2) There is too much political interference in the IAS and the IPS.
3) There is no limitation for people who want to appear for the Civil Services examination.
4) Both 1 and 2
5) None of these

2. Which of the following is the main reason to join Civil Services?
1) Civil Services is by far the toughest examination to clear, not just in India but the whole world.
2) Because aspirant's parents have a dream.
3) Aspirants have social pressure to join it.
4) All of the above
5) None of these

3. Which of the following is the central theme of the passage?
1) Career in Civil Services in India.
2) Civil Services is the dream career for the talented aspirant.
3) Wings of the Civil Services.
4) The Indian way of career.
5) In common parlance, only the Civil servant i.e. IAS, IPS, IFS officers are included in the prestigious category.

4. Which of the following is not true as per the passage?
1) Civil services offer an attractive and challenging career to the ambitious.
2) In civil services duties come along with benefits.
3) The Indian Civil Services is considered as one of the premier services.
4) All of the above
5) None of these

5. What is/are the area(s) of work of civil servant i.e. IAS, IPS or IFS officer?
(A) In the areas of general administration.
(B) Actually act as the pillars of governance.
(C) To maintain law.
(D) In the ministry of external affairs.

1) Only A and C 
2) Only B and C 
3) All A, C and D
4) All B, C and D 
5) All A, B, C and D

Directions (Q. 6-7) : Choose the word which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

6. Rigorous
1) Scrupulous 
2) Dainty 
3) Precise
4) Strict 
5) Brutal

7. Aspirants
1) Pessimistic 
2) Wannabe 
3) Apathetic
4) Pointless 
5) Despondent

Directions (Q. 8-10) : Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

8. Premier
1) Leading 
2) Chief 
3) Subordinate
4) Trivial 
5) Auxiliary

9. Bestowed
1) Grant 
2) Gift 
3) Withhold
4) Favor 
5) Lavish

10. Encompass
1) Ring 
2) Exclude 
3) Contain
4) Hem in 
5) Free





Answers:
1. 1 
2. 5 
3. 2 
4. 5 
5. 5
6. 1 
7. 2 
8. 4 
9. 3 

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